European HerStory: Simone Weil

, by Christian Gibbons

All the versions of this article: [Deutsch] [English] [français]

European HerStory: Simone Weil
Photo credit: TCY

History is not merely a question of fact but of how it is recorded and how we interpret it. What is remembered, and how we remember it, is shaped by our socially constructed understandings of the world as it was at the time and as we know it today.

With the feminine history of our continent often sold short under the weight of enduring patriarchal structures, women’s contributions to science, art, politics and beyond are often at best overshadowed or at worst forgotten.

The following article is part of our fortnight-long feature, “European HerStory”, during which we are presenting inspiring stories of women who have contributed to Europe. With this feature, we hope to help rectify the imbalance stemming from our collective prism of history, and inform ourselves and our readers about female achievements and innovations.

You can read the full presentation of the feature here.

Born to an assimilated Jewish family in Paris in 1909, Simone Weil would live, and die, in solidarity with those who were suffering. A philosopher by training, her thought crossed many traditional boundaries. Yet she was no ivory-tower intellectual: in fact, her most penetrating insights were the product of time spent in factories, farms, and battlefields. In 1936, her militant social activism led her briefly to Spain, where she joined the anarchist Durutti Column in Zaragoza. In 1937, after a visit to Italy, Weil’s life was shaken by several mystical experiences, and she eventually converted to Christianity.

Weil was exceptionally precocious even at an early age, becoming proficient in ancient Greek by the time she was 12, and teaching herself Sanskrit shortly thereafter. Later, she would join the École normale superieure, finishing in first place in her “Logic and Philosophy” examinations, ahead of Simone de Beauvoir. Although she held communist sympathies, she often disagreed with Leon Trotsky, and was considered one of the few individuals who could stand up to him in a debate. Scruffy, uncompromising, and fiercely independent, Weil eschewed the Church, political parties, and all romantic and sexual relationships, earning herself the nickname “The Martian”.

When World War II broke out, she fled to the United Kingdom, where she continued to work with the French Resistance to undermine Nazi rule in Europe. However, she refused to eat any more than the appointed ration for those living in occupied France. Sped on by malnutrition and overwork, her health rapidly deteriorated, and she died of tuberculosis in 1946. Weil would later become the model for Albert Camus’s homme révolté, and is widely remembered in France and elsewhere as one of the most important intellectual figures of the 20th century.

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